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Home Vocational Education System

Spanish Vocational Education System

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The Spanish Education System accepts the need for combining quality and equity in the training provision, understood as two inseparable principles, and not as conflicting objectives. In this sense, the features that best define it within the European overview are:

  • The promotion of the evaluation and the innovation: the Education Authorities are committed to know the status of the Education System in order to enhance the necessary innovation and improvement processes, the reflection on the practice and the self-evaluation.
  • The guarantee that any student will be excluded and their continuity in post-compulsory studies: the principle of equity assures equal opportunities, education inclusion and non-discrimination, and it acts as an element for compensating social and economic inequalities. In basic education, the attention to students diversity is established as a key principle in every education intervention, trying to prevent and satisfy the temporary or permanent needs of each of them. In all the education stages, compensating the inequalities between people, groups or territorial scopes in disadvantaged situation implies the provision of the economic resources and the necessary support so that all the population will have the chance to receive quality education services.
  • The flexibility that makes easier the mobility between the different training options, within the framework of lifelong training and learning: the passage from training to employment and vice versa allows young people having dropped out to continue and complete their studies, and adults to continue their lifelong learning. For this purpose, some links between the different kind of teachings are established, making easier the passage from ones to another ones and allowing the making up of training ways adapted to personal needs and interests.


Regarding the administration and management of the Spanish Education System, it is necessary to highlight the meaningful decentralisation, that shares the competences between the State General Authority (Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) and the Autonomous Communities (Regional Ministries or Departments of Education). The State Education Authority executes the general guidelines of the Government on education policy and regulates the basic elements or aspects of the system. The Autonomous Education Authorities develop the State regulations and have executive and administrative competences for managing the Education System in their own territory.  In addition, the schools have pedagogical, organisational and managerial autonomy for their resources.  This autonomy is accompanied by the participation of the education community in the schools organisation, government, running and evaluation.


Structure of the national education system 2011/12



Source: Eurydice

Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 May 2014 16:43  


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